Zambia was listed as one of the lion range countries where harvests for trophy hunting likely contributed to population declines for the big cat species during the 80’s and 90’s (Packer et al 2009). According to the Zambia Wildlife Authority (2009), which manages the nation’s national parks, lions were extirpated from Zambia’s Lochinvar and Blue Lagoon National Parks. Both parks are located southwest of the Zambian capital of Lusaka in the south central part of the country. The Zambian lion population is now “defined” by six populations distributed in specific areas and, four of these populations, reside entirely within Zambia. A 2012 census of the Luangwa population, suggest the lion population encompasses parts of Malawi, making it a transboundary population of more than 570 individuals (Riggio et al. 2012).